Aleksandr Glazunov (1865-1936)
Balakirev discovered Glazunov’s talent and invited him to tale lessons from Rimsky-Korsakov. Later Glazunov became a professor of the St.Petersburg Conservatory.
Glazunov’s compositions were supported by the Belyaev circle.
Glazunov greatly admired Liszt and Chopin.
Glazunov was inspired both by the Nationalist-Oriental style of Russian music and by the cosmopolitanism of Tchaikovsky.
Glazunov supported many of his students, including Shostakovich. However some historians blame the catastrophic failure of Rachmaninov’s symphony 1 premiere (which resulted in Rachmaninov suffering a prolonged nervous breakdown) because of Glazunov’s poor conducting (some speculate he may have been drunk).
Glazunov also did not appreciate Stravinsky’s music (especially due to his large use of dissonance).
However after the 1917 Revolution, Glazunov clashed with the new Communist artistic vision.
In 1928 Glazunov toured in Europe and in the United States where he became a jazz fan (in fact one of his last compositions is a saxophone concerto). In 1929 he settled in Paris and never came back to Russia.
MY FAVOURITE WORKS:
-Stenka Razin: Symphonic poem (1885)
-Symphony 2 (1886)
–Oriental Reverie for clarinet and string quartet (1886)
-The Forest (1887)
-Poeme Lyrique in D-Flat Major (1887)
-Suite caractéristique in D major for orchestra Op.9 (1887) [notable mention for the middle section ‘Pastorale’]
-2 Pieces for Cello and Orchestra (1888) [Serenade espagnole, melodie for cello and Orchestra]
–Oriental Rhapsody in G major for orchestra (1889)
-The Kremlin (1890)
-Roxana’s song from ‘Meditations’ (1891)
-“Meditation” in D major for violin and orchestra (1891)
– Suite for String Quartet in C major Op.35 (1891)
– The Spring, symphonic picture in D major (1891)
-Concert Waltz No. 1 in D major for orchestra (1893)
-Three Miniatures for piano (1893)
-Op. 46: Chopiniana, suite for orchestra after piano pieces by Chopin (1893) [special mention to Waltz IV]
-Symphony 5 (1895)
-Cantata for the Centenary of the Birth of Pushkin Op.65 (1899)
-Piano Sonata No. 2 in E minor (1901) [Scherzo]
-Karelian Legend (1916)
-In memory of the Heroes of our History